Utopia was a peninsula off the South American coast, home to a (supposedly) perfect civilisation discovered in the early sixteenth century by Portuguese explorer Raphael Hythloday. His report of the population's way of life is recorded by his contemporary, Sir Thomas More, in a book, Libellus vere aureus, nec minus salutaris quam festivus, de optimo rei publicae statu deque nova insula Utopia, generally known simply as Utopia.
Philip José Farmer refers to the probable origins and eventual destruction of the land in Doc Savage: His Apocalyptic Life.
In his article Immortal Befuddled, Wold Newton scholar Dennis Power reconciles these separate histories of Utopia, and concludes by noting Pantagruel's mounting of an expedition to found a colony of survivors.
Another country of the same name (perhaps descended from Pantagruel's colony) survives till at least the late nineteenth century, as described by Gilbert and Sullivan in the Savoy Opera Utopia, Limited.
- Project Gutenberg Text of Book II of Rabelais' "Five Books of the Lives, Heroic Deeds, and Sayings of Gargantua and Pantagruel"
- "Immortal Befuddled" by Dennis Power (see entry for the years 1504-1530)